Detergent is a chemical substance, which is usually found in form of powder or liquid and is used for washing things such as clothes or dishes which is known as Laundry Chemicals. It consists of commonly mixtures of chemical compounds as such alkyl benzenesulfonates, which is similar to soap but are less affected by hard water. Detergent is still sold in powdered form; liquid detergent has been taking a major market shares in many countries since their introduction in the 1950s.
The laundry chemical contains water softeners, surfactants, bleach, enzymes, brighteners, fragrances, and many other agents. The formulation is strongly affected by the temperature of the cleaning water and varies from country to country. The major components of laundry chemicals is anionic surfactants, alkaline builders, water softening agents and anti re deposition agents. Higher end detergents contain enzymes and optical brighteners. Some liquid detergents contain nonionic surfactants.